Average True Range ATR Technical Indicators Indicators and Signals TradingView India

The consequence is that a trader cannot compare the Average True Range values of multiple securities. A trader should study and research the relevance of ATR for each security independently when performing chart analysis. As previously stated, the Average True Range does not take into account price direction, therefore it is not used as an active indicator to predict future moves.

The Average True Range values imply lower price volatility. If the Average True Range value remains low for some time, it may indicate the possibility of a trend reversal, or continuation move and an area of consolidation for the stock. An easy way to learn everything about stocks, investments, and trading. ATR is simply is average of true ranges for a certain period of time. It can be created for daily, monthly, and even quarterly charts.

how to read average true range indicator

Forex indicators actually take into account the price and volume of a particular trading instrument for further market forecasting. Day traders can use statistics on how much an asset usually moves in a certain period for plotting profit targets and determining whether or not to strive for a trade. There is no significant news out, but the stock is already up to Rs 50 on the day. The price has already moved 35% more than the average, and now you’re getting a buy signal from a strategy. Typically, the average true range is an n-period-smoothed moving average of the true range values. The average true range calculation is primarily based on 14 periods, which can be intraday, daily, weekly, or monthly.

Since, the opening is the most volatile time of the day, the gaps and sharp moves can cause the 5 minute or lower timeframe charts to show large increases in ATR. After the spike at the open, ATR typically spends most of the day declining. Now, let’s say the trader gets a buy signal from his strategy.

One nice feature I have added is the option to use geometric calculations for. Buying and selling pressure is a volatility indicator which denotes the balance between buyers and sellers inside candlestick. But This offers further break down of participants of the market. Pretty much at any condition of the market the indicator can filter out interesting details to make trading decisions…

True Range

To measure the latest volatility, use a shorter average, such as 2 to 10 periods. Here, the below graph of ATR is independent of the price movement and instead, it tells you the maximum expected price fluctuation at that given point in time. Hence, the ATR value is what matters more when you look at an average true range ATR indicator on its own. The spikes in the graph could show the volatility increase and are useful when clubbed with trading indicators when creating a strategy.

When you enter a trade, make a note of the current ATR level. Generally, experts believe that a number twice the ATR value is a good point to set stop-loss. Then set the same as your trailing stop-loss point. Now, the stop loss will work in both directions, helping you avoid losses more effectively. In the scenario, the ATR values of both companies are similar, but the stock price of Reliance is very high compared to Delhivery’s. Hence, a price change of about Rs.4 is not the same for both.

Fundamental & Technical Analysis

Supretrend indicator is created by Olivier Sebanto work on different time frames. It is used in 15 minutes, hourly, weekly, and daily charts. Based on the parameters of multiplier and period, the indicator uses 3 for multiplier and 10 for ATR as default values.

The ATR then derived as a 14 day moving average of the true ranges. As we have discussed above, the ATR indicator helps you gauge volatility, i.e. the maximum predicted price change. Now, an important thing to understand here is that you should use a trading indicator bounce trading strategy to gauge where the momentum of the price change. Now, volatility indicators are differently represented in a graph compared to momentum indicators. A momentum indicator going up or down usually represents a price action and gives you a buy or a sell signal.

What does average true range indicator tell you?

Average True Range (ATR) is the average of true ranges over the specified period. ATR measures volatility, taking into account any gaps in the price movement. Typically, the ATR calculation is based on 14 periods, which can be intraday, daily, weekly, or monthly.

But, as discussed above, make sure you couple the ATR indicator with a trading indicator as well for best results. Now, what will you do if the price breaks the ATR prediction and hits Rs.131? Considering the ATR remains the same and only shows 30, it would be a wise decision to sell and pocket the profit at this point. For ease of understanding, let us assume that you decided to buy the stock. Let us also assume the ATR remains the same throughout the example.

So, use the ATR stop loss strategy to exit a bad trade and cut your losses. Suppose the first-day ATR of a stock is 2.5 and you want to calculate the ATR over five days. To me Range is a good indication (of / or a proxy for) volatility. You will see that for yourself, if you follow VIX, as VIX increases, so does range (Ref. the plot below). By including Gap in the calculation we may get an incorrect and irrelevant view of the intraday volatility.


This indicator is not suited for a trending market, as the ATR level may remain near its extremes for prolonged durations,” Kamath said. Typically, the ATR is based on 14-period intervals and can be calculated on a daily, weekly or hourly basis. ATR is generally used in tandem with directional indicators such as RSI or MACD. The ATR is based on 14-period intervals and can be calculated on a daily, weekly or hourly basis. It is generally used in tandem with directional indicators. Every trading approach should be accompanied by its personalized risk management protocol.

What does ATR measure?

The ATR indicator measures volatility. So if this indicator moves up the volatility increases and if the indicator moves down then the volatility decreases. So it is directly proportional to volatility.

This could assist in the discovery of trading ranges. J. Welles Wilder, Jr. created the Average True Range and featured it in his bookNew Concepts in Technical Trading Systems. The graph shows historical tradeallcrypto (xcritical) stock price and ATR value data of WIPRO from 2006 to now. Here, pay attention to the area marked by the red line. The graph shows that this is the lowest point ATR has gotten to in a long time.

Average True Range (ATR)

The average true range indicator is an oscillator, meaning the ATR will oscillate between peaks and valleys. Traders can use shorter periods to generate more trading signals, while longer periods have a higher probability to generate less trading signals. This moving average takes all of the moving averages between 1 and 700 and takes the average of them all. It also takes the min/max average of every one of those averages. Also included is Bollinger Bands calculated in the same way.

This is because instead of momentum, an average true range indicator calculates the maximum possible price movement at any point in time. This helps traders set their entry price and exit prices according to their trading strategy. The average true range is a kind of market volatility indicator What is Key to Markets commonly used in technical analysis. The ATR indicator displays the average price variation of assets within a given period. Investors can use the indicator to determine the best time for trading during an active market session and create trading strategies for maximizing profit potential.

The Average True Range indicator is a technical indicator used in trading. The indicator measures the volatility of an asset’s price, i.e., the variation in the average price of an asset over a given period. The team at NiftyTrader.in is always endeavoring to improve education about technical analysis approach to decipher the movement of stock market. Bollinger Bands measure standard deviation around a central moving average. The default reading for standard deviation is ±2, while that for the central moving average is 20-period. When it comes to measuring the price volatility of a particular security, the Bollinger bands indicator is used to determine the entry and exit points for a trade.

how to read average true range indicator

Here, you can add a moving average line over the ATR-enabled chart and look for a cross. When there is an uptrend, and the ATR line crosses above the signal line could confirm a bullish trend, and you could place an aggressive strategy. Here, the black line is the pivot line, and the red line is the resistance line. Here, you can see that the price touching these lines and bouncing back.

The ATR is used with 14 periods with daily and longer timeframes and reflects the volatility values that are in relation to the trading instrument’s price. Low ATR values would normally correspond to a range trading while high values may indicate a trend breakout or breakdown. The Average True Range indicator was introduced by Welles Wilder as a tool to measure the market volatility and volatility alone leaving aside attempts to indicate the direction.

Bollinger bands rise when price is rising, and vice versa. Meanwhile, volatility is measured by the distance between bands. This indicator helps several forex traders understand the market’s volatility by determining the higher and lower price action values. Apart from being a trend strength gauge, ATR serves as an element of position sizing in financial trading.

How do you use the average true range indicator?

A rule of thumb is to multiply the ATR by two to determine a reasonable stop-loss point. So if you're buying a stock, you might place a stop-loss at a level twice the ATR below the entry price. If you're shorting a stock, you would place a stop-loss at a level twice the ATR above the entry price.

But if you club your ATR indicator strategy with a trading indicator, it could help you find the entry price as well. For instance, the ATR could be 2 for a stock, but you need to be able to predict which way the price change is going to happen. Considering that you have a trading indicator ready, let us take an example to understand the ATR indicator and strategies better. The ATR indicator represents the maximum predicted price change of a security. Hence a higher number means a higher chance for volatility. At the same time, it is impossible to compare one stock’s ATR values to another because different stocks as it is dependent on the asset’s price as well.

  • Meanwhile, volatility is measured by the distance between bands.
  • The graph shows historical stock price and ATR value data of WIPRO from 2006 to now.
  • Finding the A, or the average, first requires finding the True Range .

The use of the ATR is commonly used as an exit method that can be applied no matter how the entry decision is made. One popular technique is known as the “chandelier exit” and was developed by Chuck LeBeau. The chandelier exit places a trailing stop under the highest high the stock reached since you entered the trade.